|This Painted Bunting was photographed at Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge in Florida|
I started birding in 1975 when I was a student at Michigan State University. I took a few wildlife-management courses taught by professors who did cooperative research with the Michigan Department of Natural Resources studying game birds. When I started a campus birding club, the faculty sponsor who helped me set it up was a wildlife ecology professor who focused on waterfowl management for hunters.
|Piping Plover at Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge in Rhode Island|
I've never had the slightest inclination to be a hunter myself, but from the very start of my birding life, much of the training that shaped my sensibilities was from hunters. And one of the most important things I learned was that I must buy a federal Duck Stamp every year.
|The first Federal Duck Stamp, issued in 1934.|
Duck Stamps are the primary source of revenue for habitat acquisition for the National Wildlife Refuge system, and I had so many memorable experiences at wildlife refuges and wildlife management areas since I started birding that I've been committed to supporting them. And the Duck Stamps were so pretty! The artwork is selected each year via a major contest. Usually it’s a closeup of one or a pair of ducks in the water or a lovely closeup of ducks winging through the sky, but competition in the Duck Stamp contest is so keen that every year’s winner is simply gorgeous.
|Snowy Owl at Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge, Rhode Island|
Waterfowl hunters are legally required to get a federal Duck Stamp annually. To use it for hunting you’re expected to sign your name on it. Because they’re so beautiful, a great many hunters buy two—one to serve as their federal hunting license and one to keep. Many non-hunters buy them, too—both collectors and people like me, who understand their importance for funding habitat acquisition. The Duck Stamp also serves as free admission to National Wildlife Refuges. Again, you’re supposed to sign yours to use it like this, but because the Stamp revenues go toward new habitat acquisition, not regular operating expenses, and because I like to support the refuges I visit, I always pay admission even when my Duck Stamp is in my wallet.
|Yellow-bellied Sapsucker at Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge in Wisconsin|
Back during the Bush era, more and more of the money from Duck Stamps stopped going toward outright buying of habitat, as wealthy landowners pressured the government to lease their lands and more and more politicians wanted to reduce government and cut back government land ownership. This gave the landowners lots of money each year with the option to stop leasing in the future if they found a more lucrative way of developing the land, which ironically was precisely what the National Wildlife Refuge system had been set up to avoid—the program was originally focused on the long-term
well-being of wildlife, not a means for short-term profits for landowners. But habitat is habitat, and I hoped that eventually people would start looking more to the future again, and so I kept buying my annual Duck Stamp. Duck hunters of course kept buying them, collectors bought them, and lots of other birders and wildlife photographers did as well. It’s a system that has worked since Roosevelt signed the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act, or the Duck Stamp Act, in 1934. It was always a system most focused on duck hunters, and it’s always been a system that welcomes everyone else who loves wildlife, too.
|American Avocet at Quivira National Wildlife Refuge in Kansas|
My brother was a duck hunter and I have many duck hunting friends. They often have duck art on their walls—the vast majority being of beautiful scenes with wild ducks swimming or flying. Occasionally they display artwork with a retriever, sometimes carrying a dead duck, but the vast majority of artwork I’ve seen hunters display is of wild habitat and wild, living ducks. My brother had a male and female of each duck species he'd hunted stuffed by a taxidermist, every one of them in a life-like pose. Clearly, living ducks in natural settings are appealing to duck hunters and non-hunters.
|Golden-cheeked Warbler at Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge in Texas|
In 2018, the Duck Stamp art contest had the theme “celebrating our waterfowl hunting heritage.” To accomplish this, the 2018 contest regulations required the mandatory inclusion of “appropriate hunting-related accessories and/or scenes.” The stamp that won depicted a Wood Duck with a decoy. That was a fine way to remind us all that the Duck Stamp is required by all hunters, who thus provide important habitat funding.
|This was the Duck Stamp for 2019, with that year's required "hunting element," the decoy. Hunting elements have always been optional in Duck Stamp art. But they should not be made mandatory every year. |
This year, in what feels like an unprecedented attempt to create unnecessary divisions between hunters and non-hunters, the Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing a new regulation to permanently require all Duck Stamp art every year to relate specifically to hunting.
|Prothonotary Warbler at Little River National Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma|
These limits will decrease rather than expand sales of the Duck Stamp, which have already been declining from the high of 2.4 million in 1970-71 to 1.5 million in 2017-18, as the number of hunters has declined. The beautiful wild ducks in natural scenes that appeal to non-hunters are just as appealing to hunters. At this critical time, as the numbers of hunters dwindle, we need to broaden the support of the Duck Stamp to include even more birders, photographers, and other non-consumptive citizens who value land protection. The hunters I’ve talked to agree. This pending proposal is a step backward and should not be implemented.
|Gambel's Quail at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico|
The comment period for this proposed rule ends March 16, so we don't have much time, but please let the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service know that it's important to remember how conservation is the whole point of the Duck Stamp, even embedded in its official name: the "Federal Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp."
|Federal Duck Stamp issued 2018.|